Annotation Type ClassRule

public @interface ClassRule

Annotates static fields that contain rules. Such a field must be public, static, and a subtype of TestRule. The Statement passed to the TestRule will run any BeforeClass methods, then the entire body of the test class (all contained methods, if it is a standard JUnit test class, or all contained classes, if it is a Suite), and finally any AfterClass methods. The statement passed to the TestRule will never throw an exception, and throwing an exception from the TestRule will result in undefined behavior. This means that some TestRules, such as ErrorCollector, ExpectedException, and Timeout, have undefined behavior when used as ClassRules. If there are multiple annotated ClassRules on a class, they will be applied in an order that depends on your JVM's implementation of the reflection API, which is undefined, in general. For example, here is a test suite that connects to a server once before all the test classes run, and disconnects after they are finished:

 @SuiteClasses({A.class, B.class, C.class})
 public class UsesExternalResource {
        public static Server myServer= new Server();
        public static ExternalResource resource= new ExternalResource() {
                protected void before() throws Throwable {
                protected void after() {
For more information and more examples, see TestRule.